CBD 101

You've got questions,
We've got answers

Source & Ingredients Matter

Where does Franny’s Farmacy hemp come from?

Primarily Franny’s Farm. Our Hemp Flower is grown locally and organically outdoors on Franny’s Farm and indoor with our greenhouse partners. Our Hemp Oil Tincture is extracted from organic hemp plants cultivated on Franny’s Farm in Leicester, NC and licensed farms in Asheville, North Carolina, and throughout certified licensed farms in the USA. Our goal is to grow and source all hemp from right here in North Carolina in 2019. We are a collective of farmers growing organic, bio-dynamic and with natures best intentions. Franny’s Farmacy hemp is grown the way nature intended and harvested at peak perfection.

When you evaluate CBD online, it’s important to differentiate the billion dollar enterprises that are importing hemp from external sources, from the vertically integrated companies like Franny’s Farmacy, that control everything from seed to shelf. Quality and control matter- particularly in an unregulated industry (see Franny discuss this directly on PBSNewsHour here at the 5:30 mark). Sourcing high-quality hemp flower for making products and tinctures is essential, particularly because extractions of hemp can also extract molds and pesticides, which are incredibly unhealthy. Unscrupulous, fly-by-night companies can allow contaminated hemp into their supply chain without care for the user. We are run by farmers committed to healthy products, not stockholders committed to profit.

How do you know how much CBD is in your products?

Testing. Our CBD oil is lab-tested as soon as it is extracted and then again by a third party lab, to ensure an accurate amount of CBD. See the COAs (Certificate of Analysis) for our tinctures and hemp flower.

What is the difference between CBD from Hemp and CBD from Marijuana?

The source. Both hemp and marijuana are from the same genus and species (cannabis sativa). Hemp’s characteristic of having low THC (less than 0.3% as required by federal law) is the difference that most rely on to distinguish industrial hemp from marijuana. CBD taken from hemp and marijuana is the exact same compound.

Is your CBD a whole plant extract, synthetic, or an isolate?

Whole plant extract. We would never sacrifice quality by providing a synthetic CBD or CBD isolate blend. We use a whole plant extract that is rich in cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial oils. The Hadassah Medical School at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem sought to compare the effectiveness of a pure CBD extract versus a full-spectrum extract of hemp. The study concluded that the whole plant extract, which contained a large percentage of CBD as well as traces of the other cannabinoids, proved more effective than CBD-only solutions in alleviating inflammation and pain sensation. This synergistic effect is known as the “entourage effect.”

What does “full-spectrum” CBD / Hemp mean?

“Full-spectrum” means that the CBD product is also rich in other cannabinoids like CBC, CBG, and CBN, and also contains other phytonutrients that are beneficial to your health and wellbeing. Full-spectrum hemp also includes a fractional content of THC, at legally compliant ratio (less than 0.3% as mandated by Federal law).

What other cannabinoids are in your CBD oil?

Our full-spectrum Hemp Oil Tinctures contains high concentrations of CBD and also other beneficial cannabinoids such as CBC, CBG, CBDA, and CBDV. You can see the specific breakdown of these cannabinoids by reading the Certificates of Analysis (COAs) for each product. Here’s a COA for the Hemp Oil Tinctures we mention, and you can also find a guide on How to Read a COI here. These beneficial cannabinoids are not psychoactive and are being studied scientifically for a wide variety of health benefits. Cannabinoids work synergistically together with what is known as the entourage effect.

What other ingredients are in your Hemp Oil Tinctures?

Only hemp & grape seed oil. Our extracts contain 100% organic cold pressed hemp oil and our proprietary full spectrum CBD concentrate. There are no other additives, preservatives, emulsifiers, or flavorings.

When does the product expire?

Without refrigeration, the product will last for 12 months. Refrigeration is completely optional but will extend the shelf life of the product to 18 months.

Choosing a Product

What’s the best way to take CBD?

It’s your decision, but we can help. Everyone is different. One CBD delivery method is not necessarily better than the other. Part of the fun is finding the ideal delivery method that provides the affects you are seeking. Some like taking tincture under the tongue or in their drink. Others like smoking joints. It’s entirely subjective. But to help you get started making that decision, allow us to review the most popular delivery methods available.

Edibles
Easily consumed items that are a great introduction to CBD

Franny’s Farmacy offers CBD in honey sticks, capsules, gummies, protein/hemp bars, chocolates, teas, coffees, and a variety of other edibles. As edibles must be absorbed in the digestive tract, effects can take longer to manifest, and a small portion of the CBD is filtered out so users may want to use higher doses than they would with tinctures.

Topicals
Soothing applications commonly used for aching joints and muscles

Common forms of CBD topicals include balms, salves, massage oils, lotions, creams, and bath bombs. They are great after a workout or if you suffer from joint inflammation. The skin quickly absorbs the CBD to target the area of pain. Some people also turn to topicals for acne and others skin disorders. Users report feeling the effects of CBD topicals within minutes of application. The CBD creams or balms are also often laced with capsaicin or menthol as bonus ingredients to soothe.

Hemp Oil Tinctures / Drops
Portable, controlled delivery for a wide range of doses and timelines

Hemp Oil Tinctures are one of the easiest ways to ingest CBD. The delicate mucous membranes of your mouth absorb the oil, so it enters your bloodstream rapidly. Most people report feeling the effects of sublingual CBD in less than 20 minutes. If you have digestive disorders, this is one of the best ways to take CBD because it bypasses the gastrointestinal system entirely. The bloodstream absorbs the CBD through the mouth, and it is then transported to the liver via the bloodstream for a further breakdown, becoming available to the body’s cannabinoid receptors.

When using oil drops place a few drops directly under your tongue and hold the oil in your mouth for a minute or two so your body absorbs it. Full-spectrum CBD oils are robust and earthy with a noticeable hemp flavor. For individuals who prefer a milder tasting product, we offer a peppermint line made with pure essential oils. The isolate is almost tasteless.

Vaporizers
Inhalation of CBD through vapes is the best way to achieve the fastest relief. The lungs are filled with blood vessels that quickly absorb the CBD. Individuals who are suffering from digestive disorders, nausea, headaches, anxiety, and severe pain often choose this safe CBD delivery method. You will need a vape pen or vaporizer to use the CBD vapes.

The vapes come in a wide array of flavors. You can also choose just regular CBD or CBD mixed with nicotine. In areas where medical and recreational marijuana is legal users frequently use a CBD/THC mixture to gain the full-body effects of the CBD with the endocannabinoid system.

Smoking Hemp Flower
Whether you are smoking a joint, a pipe, a bong, or a vaporizer; Franny’s Farmacy’s hemp flower is a great way to enjoy CBD. Each Franny’s Grammy contains one gram of full-spectrum hemp flower. We offer rotating strains from the best farms in the nation. The Cherry Wine strain is grown at Franny’s Farm, while other strains like Lifter Strain, Suver Haze, and Elektra Strain are grown at Family Practice Hemp.

How do I store my CBD products?

Your CBD products should be stored away from a heat source in a cool, dark place. If kept in optimal conditions, it will last for up to one year.

As a first time CBD user, what should I buy first?

Everyone has different preferences & tolerances for their CBD products – and you can find a breakdown of the varying product categories further down on this page, but we’re happy to help you get started.

The first thing to consider is dosage & delivery. It’s best to start small and work your way up until you find the optimal level of relief for your situation. An easily consumable product with a low cost ($6.50 – $12.00) and dosage are the Franny’s Farmacy CBD Chocolates that contain 10mg of full spectrum CBD per chocolate. If you’re looking for relief for sore muscles or joints causing you pain, bug bites, skin irritations, acne spots, etc. – our Healing CBD Balm Sticks ($30.00) offer a great point solution. For longer term solutions with greater dosages available, we recommend Franny’s line of CBD Tinctures, which range from 125mg ($35) to 4,000mg ($400).

Calculating Dosage

What is the right dose of CBD?

It depends. CBD does not have any one dosage that works for everyone. The optimal CBD dosage depends on several factors, including CBD tolerance, body type, and the specific symptoms being targeted for relief. Additionally, the CBD product type and its concentration are factors when estimating the correct dosage of CBD products.

How much CBD should I take?

Dosing is highly individualized and depends on what you are taking it to accomplish. We suggest speaking with a healthcare professional before you start to ascertain an adequate dose. While taking too much will not result in adverse effects, you may be able to achieve the same results with less, which will save you money. Try to take note of how your CBD doses affect you and adjust the dose and frequency as needed.Topical CBD can be applied directly to the affected area, and you can use it as often as you wish. CBD oils and tinctures can be added to food or drinks, or you can hold the dose under your tongue for 60 seconds for maximum and immediate absorption.

How long does it take to start working?

Most people find that taking CBD regularly over time brings the best results. Since you do not experience a “high” from taking CBD, there won’t be any dramatic indication that it has taken effect.

What factors determine my dose of CBD?

Concentration, Body Weight, Tolerance, Discomfort/Pain, and other factors. It’s best to first determine how much CBD is in each dose of your CBD product, then weigh that dosage against the remaining factors.

Concentration
No matter what your preferred way to take CBD, determining its concentration is a critical aspect of calculating dosage. Concentration refers to the strength or the amount of CBD included in the product you use.

Besides this, it is generally measured in mg (milligrams). Concentration indicates the quantity of CBD per serving. For example, if your CBD tincture has 1500 mg concentration and contains 30 ml of tincture, a 1 ml serving will contain 50 mg CBD (1500 mg / 30 ml = 50 mg / ml).

Body Weight
Depending on your goals, it is generally recommended to consume 1 to 5 mg of CBD product per 10 pounds of body mass. Thus, a “conservative” first dose for someone weighing 200 lbs would be 20 mg of CBD. At the opposite end of that range, an “aggressive” dose for that same 200 lb person would be 100 mg.

The heavier you are, the more CBD doses you will require to see the significant effects of CBD on the body. People with lighter weights, will have effective lower doses. Thus, body weight is an important consideration when determining the right dosage of CBD.

CBD Tolerance
If you have been using CBD for a long time, your body may have developed a CBD tolerance. This means you might not feel the same strength of effects as you did when you just started using CBD. Thus, if you have noticed an increased tolerance to CBD, it is recommended to either take a break for a few days or increase doses to achieve effective results.

Level of Discomfort & Pain
It is worth noting that many people estimate their CBD doses based on the discomfort and/or pain they experience. If you have chronic pain or anxiety, higher doses may be required to treat the symptoms. It is recommended that you start with lower doses of CBD and work your way up to an effective dose.

Discuss with Your Doctors
This is, without any doubt, one of the most important steps for estimating the right dosage of CBD. Make sure that you consult an experienced medical professional before incorporating CBD doses into your diet. Only a professional can help you estimate the right CBD dosage for your body type. If you have a medical history of suffering from any chronic disease, your doctor can guide you on the plausible side effects of taking incorrect CBD doses.

Never Start With High Doses
Remember that every human being is different and has distinct body chemistry. The unique history of your body with supplements and medications requires you to be careful while consuming CBD dosage. Your body chemistry may have different reactions to the CBD product.

If you and your friend have the same bodyweight, that does not mean that you should also use the same amount of CBD dosage, and doing so may lead to various health complications if it does not suit your body chemistry.

The best way to avoid this from happening is to take lighter doses in the initial stage. It will help you gauge the reaction of your body and tell you whether or not you should increase the dosage. You can determine the perfect dosage by gradually increasing CBD consumption.

Shipping, Delivery, & Returns

When will I receive my order?

Fast. All items ship via USPS Priority Mail. Please allow 2 to 3 business days for delivery, depending on your order size and location.

Does Franny’s Farmacy ship to all 50 states?

Yes. We ship our proprietary hemp oil tinctures to all 50 states. The United States Farm Bill of 2018 classified industrial hemp as containing less than 0.3% THC. As Franny’s Farmacy products contain less than 0.3% THC, we are allowed by U.S. Federal law to ship conveniently to your doorstep.

Does Franny’s Farmacy ship internationally?

No. Unfortunately, we are not shipping internationally at this time.

What is your exchange or return policy?

We want all our customers to be completely satisfied with their purchases. You may return new, unused, and unopened products within 30 days of delivery for a full refund. However, we do ask that you pay shipping for these returns. If the return is a result of our error, such as if you receive an incorrect or defective product, you will receive a full refund or replacement item, with shipping costs included.

You will receive your refund within two weeks of submitting a return, with most customers receiving funds within a few days. This time period allows for transit time for us to receive your return (5 to 10 business days), the time it takes us to process your return once we receive it (3 to 5 business days), as well as the time it takes your bank to process our refund request (5 to 10 business days).

If for any reason you do not receive your refund after 14 days, please contact us at [email protected] and let us know. We will do everything in our power to resolve the issue immediately!

Can your Hemp Healing Salve separate during shipping?

Yes. We only use organic ingredients. This means some separation is normal during the shipping process. Please allow item to settle to room temperature. Please note, the separation does not affect its potency.

That's a Wrap!

We THANK YOU so much for taking the time to explore your options with CBD. We take great pride in being able to offer high-quality CBD products to customers at this exciting time in the development of hemp as a healing substance. If you have questions, please feel free to send us an email at [email protected]. We’d love to hear from you!

Contributing authors include: Randi Sherman, Kimberly Sharpe, Brandi Marcene, and additional members of the Franny’s Farmacy team.