How to Read a COA | Franny's Farmacy

How to Read a COA

How to Read a COA

CBD with its potent benefits has become a natural solution for several chronic mental and physical health complications. From relieving pain to boosting immunity, the hemp-derived CBD products have made their mark in the medical domain over the past few years. A bulk of evidence on impressive effects of CBD oil or tincture has made the products raging. And that is what clears all the grounds why this magical elixir is everywhere.

But have you ever thought what is inside a CBD product?

No matter how beneficial this mainstream panacea is, you cannot determine what is inside it unless you read the labels on the product. If you are using CBD oil, it is easy to check the labels or do the reading, but might get the products that are mislabeled. Consuming low-quality CBD products or using them without reading the labels might lead to the dangerous consequences.

Checking Certificate of Analysis (COA) in this regard is one of the most essential steps that show your due diligence when it comes to buying CBD products. The certificate is extremely helpful to understand and find out the purity and consistency of CBD product you use. Not only does COA provide its customer a detailed analysis but also show the quantity of potentially dangerous contaminants.

If you use CBD products on daily basis, it is important to learn how COA can help you find out the transparency of them. Keep reading to learn how to read a COA.

Certificate of Analysis – A Must-Have-Tool

A Certificate of Analysis (COA) refers to a lab report that aims to demonstrate the chemical make-up of the contents a CBD product has. As industrial hemp-derived products are all rage, COA shows the percentage of tested compounds, heavy metals, and cannabinnoid. COA includes the breakdown of terpenes and cannabinnoid and verifies that they are the same content that seller has marketed.

One of the most important information that COA verifies is the concentration of THC content in the CBD products. The hemp-derived CBD products do not contain THC more than 0.3% and that is the reason why hemp extract products do not induce a high. COA supports THC –free products and indicates the exact levels of THC a hemp-derived product contains.

In addition to that, this comprehensive lab report carries out the test to assess the percentage of compounds like pesticides and heavy metals to ensure that CBD product is safe to use.

Are COAs Important for CBD Products?

Quality is not something to compromise on and CBD products are no exception. With growing popularity of hemp-derived CBD products, many new CBD manufacturers have stepped into this emerging industry to try their luck. While it is a good sign for the progress of CBD industry, the risk associated with unregulated industry and poor quality products are inevitable. Selling CBD products with potentially harmful contaminants does not have health risk but also can be costly for the customers who don’t know what are they consuming and paying for. Besides this, finding out the ingredients only is not enough to put away the low-quality risk. Determining the accurate potency of the compounds used in the CBD products is equally important.
For instance, your manufacturers can claim that certain hemp-derived CBD product has less than 0.3 percent THC content, or contains a negligible amount of any other compound. But if they are unable to provide COAs with the product, it may cause complications.

In other words, the little oversight of ingredients and exact potency used in the CBD products may have several consequences. It may be one of the major issues for the people who want to switch to THC-free CBD products to avoid the psychoactive effects. They may have a number of reasons for choosing this option such as drug test or job requirements.

A recent survey of 2017 estimated that 70% of CBD products sold via online forums had the labels with false information. The online hemp-derived products had substantially a high or low quantity of CBD than marketed.

The mislabeled information is one of the common issues that online customers deal with when buying products they don’t have sufficient information of. Plus, most of the times customers are not aware of CBD’s regulatory laws or legal status in their state. Ordering/ purchasing CBD products with a high concentration of THC lead to the many liability issues.

This is what makes reading COA an important and integral part of process when you buy CBD product. It has become a standard for all law-abiding and reputed CBD manufacturers to maintain transparency for both regulators and the consumers. The certificate of analysis helps concerned authorities evaluate the quality of the CBD products. They can read what exactly inside the hemp extract.

How to Read a COA

It is worth mentioning that another company, as a “third party”, must perform the COA. If the same company that manufactured the product conducts the test, the results might involve bias. To that end, ensure that the product you tend to buy has a COA performed by another company.

The first few things that you must notice when you start reading COA are the information given on top left and top right of the report. You will find the product information that manufacturing company sent to the lab on the left. It includes batch number, and details of incorporated compounds.

The seller (manufacturer) details are on the right. Scan for QR number in the centre of the lab report to ensure that it is authentic. With QR number, you can always cross check with the lab that has performed the test. Plus, the COA must have the authorization signature of lab’s manager that also reflects authenticity.

Read the Cannabinnoid Profile

Skim through the cannabinnoid profile given on the bottom of the page. The information must show the concentration of cannabinnoid in the sample. Read this section carefully as it indicates the potency of cannabinnoid present in the sample. There is an ID column chart to tell you which CBD derivatives were tested. Look for D9-THC (psychoactive component) in the report to check its concentration. It must be lower than 0.3 percent and is in the middle column. If you middle column mentions “ND”, it means “Non-detect” or miniscule amount.

Read Heavy Metal Analysis

The next step is to analyze the heavy metal chart to find out the metals company tested, mentioned with chemical symbols. Scan through their concentrations, and units (micrograms, or kilograms). Match the included size of heavy metals with the standard “Use limit” recommended by the state Department of Public Health and U.S. Pharmacopeia.

Read Pesticides Analysis Chart

COA also includes the pesticide analysis in the lab report. The lists show the common pesticides lab has performed the test for. Focus on the units like LLD (lower limit detection) and “ppb” (parts per billion) given with each pesticide. There is a “limit column” where you can see the maximum limit for consumption, as recommended by the state health department.

Terpenes Profile

The profile indicates which terpenes the lab test detects. In addition, it shows what is amount is safe to take by the consumers. Terpenes add aroma and flavors to CBD products. Finding the abundance and variation included in the product will help you predict the smell and taste.

Key Takeaway

Hemp products manufacturers have to pay the cost of all laboratory tests and analysis to meet expectations and requirements of not only customers but also market place. Most of the reputed brands tried their best to do product screening or test CBD batches to ensure the quality of the product. Soon the credible brands will sell the products with a Seal from Hemp Authority Certification Program to guarantee that their products meet testing standards and rigorous quality.

Thus, using the given information to read the certificate of analysis can help you make an informed decision when buying CBD products.